The Chippewa National Forest was the first of its kind established east of the Mississippi River in 1908. The forest boundary encompasses about 1.6 million acres and has 700 lakes, 920 miles of streams and 150,000 acres of wetlands. The forest's landscape is a reminder of the glaciers that blanketed northern Minnesota some 10,000 years ago. The Chippewa National Forest also boasts the largest breeding population of bald eagles in the continental U.S., with 150 active nests found throughout the forest. Recreational activities include biking,hiking and nature trails, camping, canoeing, ATV, fishing, cross-country skiing, hunting, scenic byways and snowmobiling.